Outlaws and Highwaymen

A Select Bibliography

 Outlaw tales‘Lives’, exposésPlaysFictionOther sourcesStudies

Outlaw tales & related literature

Burgess, Glyn S., Two Medieval Outlaws: Eustace the Monk and Fouke Fitz Waryn, Cambridge, Brewer, 1997

Cashman, Ray, ‘The Heroic Outlaw in Irish Folklore and Popular Literature’, Folklore, vol. 111 (2000), pp. 191–215

Child, Francis James, (ed.), The English and Scottish Popular Ballads, 5 vols, New York, Dover, 1965. Vol. III contains the Robin Hood metrical tales and broadside ballads, with much related material

Dobson, R. B., and Taylor, J., (eds), Rymes of Robyn Hood. An Introduction to the English Outlaw, revised edition, Stroud, Sutton Publishing, 1997

Fouke le Fitz Waryn, ed. E. J. Hathaway, P. T. Ricketts, C. A. Robson and A. D. Wilshere, Oxford, Anglo-Norman Text Society, 1975

Gesta Herwardi, ed. Thomas Duffus Hardy and Charles Trice Martin, in Lestorie des Engles, by Geffrei Gaimar, vol. 1, Rolls Series, London, HMSO, 1888

Ohlgren, Thomas H., (ed.), Medieval Outlaws. Ten Tales in Modern English, Stroud, Sutton Publishing, 1998

The Tale of Gamelyn, ed. W. W. Skeat in The Complete Works of Geoffrey Chaucer, 6 vols., Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1894 (introduction, vol. III; text, vol. IV)

Trailbaston, ed. Isabel S. T. Aspin in Anglo-Norman Political Songs, Oxford, Anglo Norman Text Society, 1953

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‘Lives’, memoirs, exposés

The Authentic Trial, and Memoirs of Isaac Darkin, Oxford, R. Baldwin and W. Jackson, [1761]

Childe, Benjamin, A Narrative of the Life of Mr. Benjamin Childe, London, T. Payne, 1722

Clavell, John, A Recantation of An Ill Led Life, 3rd edition, London, 1634, reprinted in facsimile in John Clavell 1601–1643. Highwayman, Author, Lawyer, Doctor, Oxford, Leopard’s Head Press, 1993

F[idge], G[eorge], The English Gusman; or the History of that Unparallel’d Thief James Hind, London, 1652

Greene, Robert, The Blacke Bookes Messenger, ed. G. B. Harrison, Bodley Head Quartos, London, John Lane, 1924. See also A. V. Judges, The Elizabethan Underworld

Judges, A. V., (ed), The Elizabethan Underworld, London, Routledge, 1930. Collection

The Life and Death of Gamaliel Ratsey and Ratseis Ghost, London, 1605; facs. repr. London, Shakespeare Association, 1935

The Life, Apprehension, Arraignement, and Execution of Charles Courtney, London, 1612

The Life of Deval, London, 1669 [1670]

Lives of the Most Remarkable Criminals, ed. Arthur L. Hayward, London, Routledge, 1927

The Malefactor’s Register; or, the Newgate and Tyburn Calendar, 5 vols., London, Alexander Hogg, [1779]

A manifest detection of the moste vyle and detestable use of Diceplay, London, Abraham Vele, n. d. [1552]. See also A. V. Judges, The Elizabethan Underworld

Peterson, Spiro, (ed.), The Counterfeit Lady and other criminal fiction of seventeenth-century England, New York, Doubleday, 1961

Pope, Walter, The Memoires of Monsieur Du Vall, London, 1670

Smith, Alexander, A Complete History of the Lives and Robberies of the most notorious Highwaymen, London, George Routledge, 1926

Villette, John, The Annals of Newgate; or, Malefactor’s Register, 4 vols., London, J. Wenman, 1776

Whetstone, George, A Mirour for Magestrates of Cyties, London, 1584

Wilson, Ralph, A Full and Impartial Account Of all the Robberies Committed by John Hawkins, George Sympson . . . and their Companions, 3rd. edn., London, J. Peele, [1722]

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The Contention Between Liberality and Prodigality, ed. W. W. Greg, Oxford, Malone Society, 1913

The Famous Victories of Henry the Fifth, ed. Geoffrey Bullough in Narrative and Dramatic Sources of Shakespeare, vol. 4, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1962

Farquhar, George, The Beaux’ Stratagem, ed. Charles N. Fifer, Regents Restoration Drama Series, London, Edward Arnold, 1977

Gay, John, The Beggar’s Opera, ed. John Fuller in Dramatic Works, vol. 2, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1983

Jonson, Ben, Every Man Out Of His Humour, ed. C. H. Herford, Percy and Evelyn Simpson, in Works, vol. 3, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1927

Munday, Anthony and Chettle, Henry, The Huntingdon Plays. A Critical Edition of The Downfall and The Death of Robert, Earl of Huntingdon, ed. John Carney Meagher, New York, Garland, 1980

Munday, Anthony, Drayton, Michael and others, Sir John Oldcastle, ed. C. F. Tucker Brooke, in The Shakespeare Apocrypha, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1908

Rowley, Samuel, When you see me, You know me, ed. F. P. Wilson, Oxford, Malone Society, 1952

Shakespeare, William, As You Like It, ed. Agnes Latham, The Arden Shakespeare, London, Methuen, 1975

Shakespeare, William, King Henry IV, Part I, ed. A. R. Humphreys, The Arden Shakespeare, London, Methuen, 1966

Shakespeare, William, King Henry IV, Part II, ed. A. R. Humphreys, The Arden Shakespeare, London, Methuen, 1966

Shakespeare, William, The Two Gentlemen of Verona, ed. Clifford Leech, The Arden Shakespeare, London, Methuen, 1972

Two Tudor Interludes: Youth and Hick Scorner, ed. Ian Lancashire, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1980

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Ainsworth, William Harrison, Rookwood: A Romance, 3 vols., London, Richard Bentley, 1834. Many later editions

Bulwer, Edward, Paul Clifford, 3 vols., London, Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, 1830. Many later editions

Defoe, Daniel, Colonel Jack, ed. Samuel Holt Monk, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1970. Many other editions

Dickens, Charles, Barnaby Rudge, Everyman’s Library, London, Dent, 1950 repr. 1972. Many other editions

Dickens, Charles, Oliver Twist, ed. Fred Kaplan, Norton Critical Edition, New York, W. W. Norton, 1993. Many other editions

Head, Richard and Kirkman, Francis, The English Rogue described, in the Life of Meriton Latroon, London, George Routledge, 1928

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Other Sources

Fielding, Henry, An Enquiry Into the Causes of the Late Increase of Robbers, ed. Malvin R. Zirker, Middletown, Connecticut, Wesleyan University Press, 1988

Fortescue, Sir John, The Governance of England, ed. Charles Plummer, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1885

Harrison, William, The Description of England, ed. Georges Edelen, New York, Dover, 1994

Luttrell, Narcissus, A Brief Historical Relation of State Affairs from September 1678 to April 1714, 6 vols., Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1857

More, Thomas, Complete Works, Vol. 4, Utopia, ed. Edward Surtz and J. H. Hexter, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1965

More, Thomas, Utopia, translated by Ralph Robinson, ed. J. Rawson Lumby, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1885

Noyes, Alfred, ‘The Highwayman’ in The Oxford Book of Narrative Verse, ed. Iona and Peter Opie, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1988. Also found in many other anthologies

Verney, Margaret M., Memoirs of the Verney Family, Vol. 4, London, Longmans, Green, 1899. Chapter VIII

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Barlow, Derek, Dick Turpin and the Gregory Gang, London, Phillimore, 1973

Beattie, J. M., Crime and the Courts in England, 1660–1800, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1986

Bellamy, J. G., ‘The Coterel Gang: an Anatomy of a Band of Fourteenth-century Criminals’, English Historical Review, vol. 79 (1964), pp. 698–717

Bellamy, John, Crime and Public Order in England in the Later Middle Ages, London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1973

Cockburn, J. S., (ed.), Crime in England 1550–1800, London, Methuen, 1977

Faller, Lincoln B., Turned to account. The forms and functions of criminal biography in late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century England, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1987

Hanawalt, Barbara A., ‘Ballads and Bandits. Fourteenth-Century Outlaws and the Robin Hood Poems’ in Chaucer’s England, ed. Barbara A. Hanawalt, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 1992

Hanawalt, Barbara A., Crime and Conflict in English Communities 1300–1348, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 1979

Harper, Charles G., Half-Hours with the Highwaymen, 2 vols., London, Chapman and Hall, 1908

Hay, Douglas, Linebaugh, Peter, Thompson, E. P., and others, (eds), Albion’s Fatal Tree. Crime and Society in Eighteenth-Century England, London, Allen Lane, 1975

Christopher Hill, Liberty Against the Law. Some Seventeenth-Century Controversies, London, Allen Lane, 1996

Hobsbawm, Eric, Bandits, revised edition, London, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2000

Holt, J. C., Robin Hood, revised edition, London, Thames and Hudson, 1989

Johnston, Alexandra F., ‘The Robin Hood of the Records’ in Playing Robin Hood. The Legend as Performance in Five Centuries, ed. Lois Potter, Newark, University of Delaware Press, 1998

Jusserand, J. J., English Wayfaring Life in the Middle Ages, London, Methuen, 1961 (first published 1889), Part I, chapter iii; Part II, chapter iii

Keen, Maurice, The Outlaws of Medieval Legend, revised paperback edition, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1987

Knight, Stephen, Robin Hood. A Complete Study of the English Outlaw, Oxford, Blackwell, 1994

Linebaugh, Peter, The London Hanged. Crime and Civil Society in the Eighteenth Century, London, Penguin, 1993

Pafford, John, John Clavell 1601–1643. Highwayman, Author, Lawyer, Doctor, Oxford, Leopard’s Head Press, 1993

Seal, Graham, The Outlaw Legend. A Cultural Tradition in Britain, America and Australia, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1996

Sharpe, James, Dick Turpin. The myth of the English highwayman, London, Profile Books, 2004

Spraggs, Gillian, Outlaws and Highwaymen. The Cult of the Robber in England from the Middle Ages to the Nineteenth Century, London, Pimlico, 2001

Stones, E. L. G., ‘The Folvilles of Ashby-Folville, Leicestershire, and their associates in crime, 1326–1347’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th series, vol. 7 (1957), pp. 117–36

Summerson, Henry, ‘The Criminal Underworld of Medieval England’, Journal of Legal History, vol. 17, no. 3 (December, 1996), pp. 197–224

Wiles, David, The Early Plays of Robin Hood, Cambridge, Brewer, 1981

A highway robbery. From an early edition of 'The English Rogue'

Woodcut from an early edition of The English Rogue

© Gillian Spraggs 2001, 2007
Page last modified on 28 August 2007

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